The choice of a grade is simply a question of appearance, in other words, of the visual aspect of the floor. The grade has no impact on its quality, its resistance and its durability.
Grading allows regrouping the character marks that define the visual aspect of a floor. For example, color variations or the presence and size of knots are character marks that are naturally present in your wood floor, and that determine its grade.
The question you should ask yourself is the following: do you prefer floors with a contrasting or uniform appearance, or somewhere in between? We invite you to read the descriptions and glossary below, to find out more about the grades and their character marks.
Select & Better
Looking clear and uniform, the Select & Better grade is light in appearance and shows no pronounced contrast between boards. Character marks are very limited in their number and dimensions. Select & better is synonymous with a homogeneous and refined floor.
Examples of Select & Better wood
Rich in appearance, the Distinction grade is made of a selection of natural colorations that are moderately contrasting. Character marks are present but moderate in number and dimensions. The Distinction grade is synonym with a well-balanced, natural looking floor.
Examples of Distinction wood
Contrasting in appearance, this grade is made of a mix of all of the species natural colorations, where more sustained tones prevail. The color variation between boards is very pronounced and character marks are present and sought after. As its name suggests, the Authentic grade finds its beauty in wood, as nature created it.
Examples of Authentic wood
Rift & Quarter Sawn
Clear and uniform in appearance, Rift & quarter sawn shows a slight variation of its natural hues. Character marks are present, but moderate in their number and dimensions. Its linear grain gives it a unique look. Rift & quarter sawn is only available in white oak.
Knots are a portion of a branch, contained in the wood. Although their features are unique, they can be classified by their shape and size. At Mercier Wood Flooring, we arrange them in three categories:
- Pin knots, i.e. miniscule knots
- Sound knots; that are perfectly interlaced with the wood grain
- Knots filled with wood putty
They are dark brown to black streaks or lines, which follow the wood grain.
Splits and checks
They are fine openings or cracks; present on the floor surface, showing us wood really is alive.